Joan Miró, the legendary Spanish painter, sculptor and ceramist, was born in Barcelona in 1893. Miró’s formative years was nothing out of the bizarre, at age 14 he enrolled within the “Escuela Superior de Artes Industriales y Bellas Artes” the place he studied for 3 years. After this he took on a job as a clerk In Barcelona however after struggling a nervous breakdown Miró determined that this wasn’t the profession for him so he returned to his research, this time at Francesc Gali’s “Escuela d’Art” the place he studied for an additional three years up till 1915. Miró’s first actual breakthrough got here when he had a chance to show his art in 1917. Native art vendor José Dalman had proven an curiosity within the younger artist’s early work and used his studio for the exhibition.
From this level on Miró’s profession as an artist actually took off. He made his first go to to Paris in 1919 and moved there a 12 months later to be a part of the inventive neighborhood in Montparnasse. It was right here as effectively that he met his fellow countryman Pablo Picasso, for the primary time. After this Miró would spend the remainder of his life dividing his time between Paris and Montroig again in his native Spain. His first solo present in Paris adopted shortly in 1921. Paris was the place to be for a younger artist at the moment, it allowed Miró to satisfy many different nice artists and in 1924 Miró joined Andre Breton’s Surrealist motion. This gave Miró the chance to work with fellow surreal artists Andre Masson and Max Ernst and in 1926 he helped Ernst to pioneer his “grattage” method. Regardless of his ties with the motion, it has been mentioned that he was all the time one thing of an outsider; certainly Breton later went on to say of Miró that he was “the most surrealist of us all”. As Miró developed his new model he claimed that he needed to “assassinate” and “murder” conventional painting strategies.
By the early 1930’s Miró’s personal model was creating and he was beginning to get recognised as one of many main artists of his time. His vibrant colors and nearly amoebic shapes are reminiscent of a kid’s drawings. On the house entrance, Miró had additionally been married to Pilar Juncosa in 1929 and this era additionally noticed the arrival of their first daughter in 1931.
Miró was an artist revered for his adaptability and his use of various media. In 1929 he began his first experiments with lithography and his first etchings and sculptures additionally date from round this era. These completely different types of inventive expression would go on to kind an enormous a part of his work and, like his peer Picasso; it might finally make him extra accessible as an artist.
The 1936, because of the outbreak of the civil battle, Miró determined not the return to Spain; he moved his spouse and daughter out to affix him in Paris. He wouldn’t return to his homeland for almost 5 years. Miró continued to experiment with new mediums and in 1944 he produced his first ceramics piece. By now his renown was worldwide and he made his first journey to America in 1947. He returned once more incessantly and had profitable one-man exhibits on the MoMA (Museum of Fashionable Artwork) in New York in 1951 and 1959.
A few of the highlights in Miró’s glittering profession embody receiving the 1954 Venice Biennial printmaking prize, in 1958 he was commissioned to do two murals for the UNESCO constructing in Paris which received the Guggenheim Worldwide Award for and in 1980 he acquired the Gold Medal of Wonderful Arts from his sovereign, King Juan-Carlos.
Undoubtedly Miró was one of many 20th century’s most interesting artists – his legacy lives on at the moment and an enormous quantity of his work could be seen on the Fundacio Joan Miró in Barcelona, an excellent museum that could be a tremendous showcase to this extraordinarily proficient man.